First Continental Congress
The first Continental Congress met at Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia, from September 5, to October 26, 1774. Carpenter's Hall was also the seat of the Pennsylvania Congress. All of the colonies except Georgia sent delegates. (The Royal Governnor of Georgia prevented their attendance.) These were elected by the people, by the colonial legislatures, or by the committees of correspondence of the respective colonies. The colonies presented there were united in a determination to show a combined authority to Great Britain, but their aims were not uniform.
Conflict in Boston overcame the effort at conciliation. On October 14, the Declaration and Resolves established the course of the congress, as a statement of principles common to all of the colonies. Congress voted to meet again the following year, if these grievances were not attended to by England. On the 20th, the delegates adopted The Association, which was patterned after the Virginia Association and others that followed. This was a pact for nonimportation of English goods, to establish mechanisms throughout the colonies to enforce and regulate the resistance to Great Britain, and to keep the channels of communication open. It was to become effective on December 1, 1774 unless parliament should rescind the Intolerable Acts.
By the end of the Congress, the following delegates were in attendance:
John Sullivan, Nathaniel Folsam
John Adams, Samuel Adams, Thomas Cushing, Robert Treat Paine
Stephen Hopkins, Samuel Ward
Eliphalet Dyer, Roger Sherman, Silas Deane
Isaac Low, John Alsop, John Jay, James Duane, William Floyd, Henry Wisener, S. Bocrum
James Kinsey, William Livingston, Stephen Crane, Richard Smith
Joseph Gallaway, John Dickinson, Charles Humphreys, Thomas Miffin, Edward Biddle, John Morton, George Ross
Caesar Rodney, Thomas Keane, George Read
Matthew Tilghman, Thomas Johnson, William Paca, Samuel Chase
Peyton Randolph, Richard Henry Lee, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Richard Bland, Benjamin Harrison, Edmund Pendleton
William Hooper, Joseph Hewes, R. Caswell
Henry Middleton, Thomas Lynch, Christopher Gadsden, John Rutledge, Edward Rutledge